Introduction to the Records of the 
Second Surveyor's District of Middle Tennessee


Introduction

The records of the Second Surveyor's District of Tennessee are found at the Tennessee State Library and Archives (TSLA) in Nashville, Tennessee. Many of the records have been microfilmed by TSLA as part of series number 11 (Other Land Records), Record Group 50 (Early Land Records). The records of the Second Surveyor's District include a total of 9,091 surveys and accompanying plats. The records also include a corresponding entry for each survey, but these entries generally contain less information than the corresponding surveys. The time period covered (from 1807 until 1831) is an important one in middle Tennessee. The year 1807 was the date that the land included in the records of the Second Surveyor's District was first settled following the cessation of Native American claims to that land by the First and Second Treaties of Tellico. Many early settlers who acquired land during that period did not record the deeds (or grants) for their land in county deed records. In addition, some or all of most grants in middle Tennessee were resold to other settlers by land speculators. These re-sales were not recorded in any central registry but are implied by the language in later entries and surveys. Therefore, finding a grant in an ancestor's name does not mean that he ever lived on that land. Sometimes the only records that show a family acquired land in middle Tennessee are the entries and surveys of the Second Surveyor's District.

Area covered

The Second Surveyor's District included all (or almost all) of the present-day counties of Bedford, Coffee, Franklin, Lincoln, Marshall, and Moore, as well as parts of the present-day counties of Cannon, Giles, Grundy, Marion, Maury, Rutherford, Warren, and Williamson as illustrated in Figure 1. More information is available concerning the Surveyor's Districts of Tennessee in general as well as the Second District in particular.

Figure 1. Approximate area of the Second Surveyor's District 

Information in the index

There is a 244 page handwritten index to the surveys of the 1st through 3rd Surveyor's Districts. It is the third volume recorded on Roll 24 of Record Group 50, and is therefore difficult and time-consuming to access and use from microfilm. The index is semi-alphabetical and contains the name of the grantee, the number and location (book and page) of the survey in the record books, the number of acres, and the date of the survey. For example, the index entries for the name "Michael Fisher" are given in Table 1.

Table 1. Index entries for Michael Fisher

name   

  Book   

  Page   

  Acres   

  Location   

  Survey number   

  Date

Michael Fisher

  D

  324

  70

  Falling Creek

  2226

  9 May 1810

Michael Fisher

  E

  560

  50

  W waters of Rock Creek

  3291

  23 November 1812

Michael Fisher

  G

  44

  25

  waters of North Duck

  4465

  17 June 1814

Michael Fisher

  G

  51

  46

  waters of North Duck

  4479

  7 June 1814

Michael Fisher

  H

  251

  50

  Rock Creek of Duck River

  6035

  18 July 1815

Michael Fisher

  I

  279

  20

  North side of Duck River

  7222

  12 March 1817

Michael Fisher

  K

  418

  6

  S side of Duck River

  8369

  1 January 1820

Michael Fisher

  L

  76

  6

  Bedford County

  8734

  16 July 1822

An example page from the index is available by clicking on the thumbnail image in Figure 2 to view the full size image:

Figure 2. Example index page

Information in plats and surveys

The 9091 surveys of the Second District are recorded in 11 survey books as listed in Table 2.

Table 2. Books and survey numbers

Book    Survey numbers
A 1-620
B 621-1035
C 1036-1808
D 1809-2559
E 2560-3513
F 3517-4373
G 4374-5533
H 5535-6706
I 6707-7571
K 7572-8596
L 8597-9091

The type of information found in these surveys and the accompanying plats includes:

  1. the legal basis for conducting the survey (for example, the grant or warrant authorizing issuance of title to the land; most surveys were based on purchased warrants),
  2. the date of the survey,
  3. the names of the chain carriers for the survey (these chain carriers were often relatives or members of families associated with the individual for whom the survey was done),
  4. the name of the grantee,
  5. a description of the location of the land (often referenced to watercourses and including the names of the owners and/or occupiers of abutting properties)
  6. the names of families who occupy tracts "at present" as well as records of dwellings and other improvements on a tract, and
  7. a plat or drawing illustrating the location of the land and often including significant landmarks as points of reference.

A transcription and the actual page image of a typical survey follows. Note how the survey indicates where a settler lived (Mrs. Lilley, not necessarily the same person who owned that land) as well as an important landmark (a meeting house).

Records of the Second Surveyor's District, Book H, Page 251
Survey 6035, State of Tennessee, Second District

By virtue of an entry number 7646 Dated 18 March 1815 founded on certificate number 1123 for 100 acres issued to Patton and Erwin by the register of West Tennessee on the 15th of July 1812, I have surveyed for Michael Fisher assignee of said Patton and Erwin 50 acres of land situate in Bedford County and on the West waters of Rock Creek in a South branch of Duck River. Beginning at two sugar trees in the West boundary line of the tract of land that Mrs. Lilly now lives on and East of the North East corner of this tract of land that includes the meeting house that is East of William Husting's. Running a thence West 80 poles to an Oak and two walnuts thence North 106 and 6/10 poles to a red Elm, thence East 70 poles to a stake in the West boundary line of said tract thence to the beginning.
John Linton and Henry Varney, Sworn Chain Carriers
Surveyed 18th of July 1815
Daniel Gilchrist, District Surveyor

Page 251 in Book H that contains the above survey is available by clicking on the thumbnail image in Figure 3 to view the full size image.

Figure 3. Example survey, Book H, Page 251, Survey number 6035 (click to enlarge)

Excellent information about how to read the specialized language in surveys may be found at the DeedMapper site. Some information on terms found in old Tennessee surveys may be found here. A list of historical names for common trees (often used in the descriptions in surveys) may be found here

Today, the records of the Second Surveyors District are only available at TSLA. This microfilm in not in the LDS library system, so it is not widely accessible through local family history centers. Steve Carson is currently writing a book indexing and abstracting the records of the Second Surveyor's District. It is expected to be published in 2008. GSC Associates currently provides a service that furnishes searches in the survey index as well as copies of surveys by e-mail.

Copyright 2005 GSC Associates. All rights reserved


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